Commit Diff
Diff:
9bcc265f587bd3f01c1876de8b05512a8577bb2f
1595c277efd582266baa59b084280a5cd3c2a5ad
Commit:
1595c277efd582266baa59b084280a5cd3c2a5ad
Tree:
da1bb058f37b9824c566ecf8896b9f4058fe58dc
Author:
Omar Polo <op@omarpolo.com>
Date:
Thu Apr 7 17:50:37 2022 UTC
Message:
move the documentation of the config file into gmid.conf.5
commit - 9bcc265f587bd3f01c1876de8b05512a8577bb2f
commit + 1595c277efd582266baa59b084280a5cd3c2a5ad
blob - ee72482be11ee41fc7e2b2710bbe4b13a8093faa
blob + cbed02e2a3fc2a25b75b3c871850825f79c511c9
--- gmid.1
+++ gmid.1
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@
.\" WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
.\" ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
.\" OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
-.Dd $Mdocdate: February 26 2022$
+.Dd $Mdocdate: April 7 2022$
.Dt GMID 1
.Os
.Sh NAME
@@ -133,570 +133,7 @@ By default the current working directory is assumed.
.It Ar dir
The root directory to serve.
By default the current working directory is assumed.
-.El
-.Sh CONFIGURATION FILE
-The configuration file is divided into three sections:
-.Bl -tag -width xxxx
-.It Sy Macros
-User-defined variables may be defined and used later, simplifying the
-configuration file.
-.It Sy Global Options
-Global settings for
-.Nm .
-.It Sy Servers
-Virtual hosts definition.
-.It Sy Types
-Media types and extensions.
-.El
-.Pp
-Within the sections, empty lines are ignored and comments can be put
-anywhere in the file using a hash mark
-.Pq Sq # ,
-and extend to the end of the current line.
-A boolean is either the symbol
-.Sq on
-or
-.Sq off .
-A string is a sequence of characters wrapped in double quotes,
-.Dq like this .
-Multiple strings one next to the other are joined into a single
-string:
-.Bd -literal -offset indent
-# equivalent to "temporary-failure"
-block return 40 "temporary" "-" "failure"
-.Ed
-.Pp
-Furthermore, quoting is necessary only when a string needs to contain
-special characters
-.Pq like spaces or punctuation ,
-something that looks like a number or a reserved keyword.
-The last example could have been written also as:
-.Bd -literal -offset indent
-block return 40 temporary "-" failure
-.Ed
-.Pp
-Strict ordering of the sections is not enforced, so that is possible
-to mix macros, options and
-.Ic server
-blocks.
-However, defining all the
-.Ic server
-blocks after the macros and the global options is recommended.
-.Pp
-Newlines are often optional, except around top-level instructions, and
-semicolons
-.Dq \&;
-can also be optionally used to separate options.
-.Pp
-Additional configuration files can be included with the
-.Ic include
-keyword, for example:
-.Bd -literal -offset indent
-include "/etc/gmid.conf.local"
-.Ed
-.Ss Macros
-Macros can be defined that will later be expanded in context.
-Macro names must start with a letter, digit or underscore and may
-contain any of those characters.
-Macros names may not be reserved words.
-Macros are not expanded inside quotes.
-.Pp
-Two kinds of macros are supported: variable-like and proper macros.
-When a macro is invoked with a
-.Dq $
-before its name its expanded as a string, whereas when it's invoked
-with a
-.Dq @
-its expanded in-place.
-.Pp
-For example:
-.Bd -literal -offset indent
-dir = "/var/gemini"
-certdir = "/etc/keys"
-common = "lang it; auto index on"
-
-server "foo" {
- root $dir "/foo" # -> /var/gemini/foo
- cert $certdir "/foo.crt" # -> /etc/keys/foo.crt
- key $certdir "/foo.pem" # -> /etc/keys/foo.pem
- @common
-}
-.Ed
-.Ss Global Options
-.Bl -tag -width 12m
-.It Ic chroot Ar path
-.Xr chroot 2
-the process to the given
-.Ar path .
-The daemon has to be run with root privileges and thus the option
-.Ic user
-needs to be provided, so privileges can be dropped.
-Note that
-.Nm
-will enter the chroot after loading the TLS keys, but before opening
-the virtual host root directories.
-It's recommended to keep the TLS keys outside the chroot.
-Future version of
-.Nm
-may enforce this.
-.It Ic ipv6 Ar bool
-Enable or disable IPv6 support, off by default.
-.It Ic port Ar portno
-The port to listen on.
-1965 by default.
-.It Ic prefork Ar number
-Run the specified number of server processes.
-This increases the performance and prevents delays when connecting to
-a server.
-When not in config-less mode,
-.Nm
-runs 3 server processes by default.
-The maximum number allowed is 16.
-.It Ic protocols Ar string
-Specify the TLS protocols to enable.
-Refer to
-.Xr tls_config_parse_protocols 3
-for the valid protocol string values.
-By default, both TLSv1.3 and TLSv1.2 are enabled.
-Use
-.Dq tlsv1.3
-to enable only TLSv1.3.
-.It Ic user Ar string
-Run the daemon as the given user.
-.El
-.Ss Servers
-Every virtual host is defined by a
-.Ic server
-block:
-.Bl -tag -width Ds
-.It Ic server Ar hostname Brq ...
-Match the server name using shell globbing rules.
-It can be an explicit name,
-.Ar www.example.com ,
-or a name including a wildcards,
-.Ar *.example.com .
-.El
-.Pp
-Followed by a block of options that is enclosed in curly brackets:
-.Bl -tag -width Ds
-.It Ic alias Ar name
-Specify an additional alias
-.Ar name
-for this server.
-.It Ic auto Ic index Ar bool
-If no index file is found, automatically generate a directory listing.
-Disabled by default.
-.It Ic block Op Ic return Ar code Op Ar meta
-Send a reply and close the connection;
-by default
-.Ar code
-is 40
-and
-.Ar meta
-is
-.Dq temporary failure .
-If
-.Ar code
-is in the 3x range, then
-.Ar meta
-is mandatory.
-Inside
-.Ar meta ,
-the following special sequences are supported:
-.Bl -tag -width Ds -compact
-.It \&%\&%
-is replaced with a single
-.Sq \&% .
-.It \&%p
-is replaced with the request path.
-.It \&%q
-is replaced with the query string of the request.
-.It \&%P
-is replaced with the server port.
-.It \&%N
-is replaced with the server name.
-.El
-.It Ic cert Ar file
-Path to the certificate to use for this server.
-.Ar file
-should contain a PEM encoded certificate.
-This option is mandatory.
-.It Ic cgi Ar path
-Execute
-.Sx CGI
-scripts that matches
-.Ar path
-using shell globbing rules.
-.It Ic default type Ar string
-Set the default media type that is used if the media type for a
-specified extension is not found.
-If not specified, the
-.Ic default type
-is set to
-.Dq application/octet-stream .
-.It Ic entrypoint Ar path
-Handle all the requests for the current virtual host using the
-.Sx CGI
-script at
-.Ar path ,
-relative to the current document root.
-.It Ic env Ar name Cm = Ar value
-Set the environment variable
-.Ar name
-to
-.Ar value
-when executing CGI scripts.
-Can be provided more than once.
-.\" don't document the "spawn <prog>" form because it probably won't
-.\" be kept.
-.It Ic fastcgi Oo Ic tcp Oc Ar socket Oo Cm port Ar port Oc
-Enable
-.Sx FastCGI
-instead of serving files.
-The
-.Ar socket
-can either be a UNIX-domain socket or a TCP socket.
-If the FastCGI application is listening on a UNIX domain socket,
-.Ar socket
-is a local path name within the
-.Xr chroot 2
-root directory of
-.Nm .
-Otherwise, the
-.Ic tcp
-keyword must be provided and
-.Ar socket
-is interpreted as a hostname or an IP address.
-.Ar port
-can be either a port number or the name of a service enclosed in
-double quotes.
-If not specified defaults to 9000.
-.It Ic index Ar string
-Set the directory index file.
-If not specified, it defaults to
-.Pa index.gmi .
-.It Ic key Ar file
-Specify the private key to use for this server.
-.Ar file
-should contain a PEM encoded private key.
-This option is mandatory.
-.It Ic lang Ar string
-Specify the language tag for the text/gemini content served.
-If not specified, no
-.Dq lang
-parameter will be added in the response.
-.It Ic location Ar path Brq ...
-Specify server configuration rules for a specific location.
-.Ar path
-argument will be matched against the request path with shell globbing
-rules.
-In case of multiple location statements in the same context, the first
-matching location will be put into effect and the later ones ignored.
-Therefore is advisable to match for more specific paths first and for
-generic ones later on.
-A
-.Ic location
-section may include most of the server configuration rules
-except
-.Ic alias , Ic cert , Ic cgi , Ic entrypoint , Ic env , Ic key ,
-.Ic location , Ic param No and Ic proxy .
-.It Ic log Ar bool
-Enable or disable the logging for the current server or location block.
-.It Ic param Ar name Cm = Ar value
-Set the param
-.Ar name
-to
-.Ar value
-for FastCGI.
-.It Ic ocsp Ar file
-Specify an OCSP response to be stapled during TLS handshakes
-with this server.
-The
-.Ar file
-should contain a DER-format OCSP response retrieved from an
-OCSP server for the
-.Ic cert
-in use.
-If the OCSP response in
-.Ar file
-is empty, OCSP stapling will not be used.
-The default is to not use OCSP stapling.
-.It Ic proxy Oo Cm proto Ar name Oc Oo Cm for-host Ar host : Ns Oo Ar port Oc Oc Brq ...
-Set up a reverse proxy.
-The optional matching rules
-.Cm proto
-and
-.Cm for-host
-can be used to enable proxying only for protocols matching
-.Ar name
-.Po Dq gemini
-by default
-.Pc
-and/or whose request IRI matches
-.Ar host
-and
-.Ar port
-.Pq 1965 by default .
-Matching happens using shell globbing rules.
-.Pp
-In case of multiple matching proxy blocks in the same context, the
-first matching proxy will be put into effect and the later ones
-ignored.
-.Pp
-Valid options are:
-.Bl -tag -width Ds
-.It Ic cert Ar file
-Specify the client certificate to use when making requests.
-.It Ic key Ar file
-Specify the client certificate key to use when making requests.
-.It Ic protocols Ar string
-Specify the TLS protocols allowed when making remote requests.
-Refer to the
-.Xr tls_config_parse_protocols 3
-function for the valid protocol string values.
-By default, both TLSv1.2 and TLSv1.3 are enabled.
-.It Ic relay-to Ar host : Ns Op Ar port
-Relay the request to the given
-.Ar host
-at the given
-.Ar port ,
-1965 by default.
-This is the only mandatory option in a
-.Ic proxy
-block.
-.It Ic require Ic client Ic ca Ar file
-Allow the proxying only from clients that provide a certificate
-signed by the CA certificate in
-.Ar file .
-.It Ic sni Ar hostname
-Use the given
-.Ar hostname
-instead of the one extracted from the
-.Ic relay-to
-rule for the TLS handshake with the proxied gemini server.
-.It Ic use-tls Ar bool
-Specify whether to use TLS when connecting to the proxied host.
-Enabled by default.
-.It Ic verifyname Ar bool
-Enable or disable the TLS server name verification.
-Enabled by default.
.El
-.It Ic root Ar directory
-Specify the root directory for this server
-.Pq alas the current Dq document root .
-It's relative to the chroot if enabled.
-.It Ic require Ic client Ic ca Ar path
-Allow requests only from clients that provide a certificate signed by
-the CA certificate in
-.Ar path .
-It needs to be a PEM-encoded certificate and it's not relative to the
-chroot.
-.It Ic strip Ar number
-Strip
-.Ar number
-components from the beginning of the path before doing a lookup in the
-root directory.
-It's also considered for the
-.Ar meta
-parameter in the scope of a
-.Ic block return .
-.El
-.Ss Types
-The
-.Ic types
-section must include one or more lines of the following syntax, enclosed
-in curly brances:
-.Bl -tag -width Ds
-.It Ar type/subtype Ar name Op Ar name ...
-Set the media
-.Ar type
-and
-.Ar subtype
-to the specified extension
-.Ar name .
-One or more names can be specified per line.
-Earch line may end with an optional semicolon.
-.It Ic include Ar file
-Include types definition from an external file, for example
-.Pa /usr/share/misc/mime.types .
-.El
-.Sh CGI
-When a request for an executable file matches the
-.Ic cgi
-rule, that file will be executed and its output fed to the client.
-.Pp
-The CGI scripts are executed in the directory they reside and inherit
-the environment from
-.Nm
-with these additional variables set:
-.Bl -tag -width 24m
-.It Ev GATEWAY_INTERFACE
-.Dq CGI/1.1
-.It Ev GEMINI_DOCUMENT_ROOT
-The root directory of the virtual host.
-.It Ev GEMINI_SCRIPT_FILENAME
-Full path to the CGI script being executed.
-.It Ev GEMINI_URL
-The full IRI of the request.
-.It Ev GEMINI_URL_PATH
-The path of the request.
-.It Ev PATH_INFO
-The portion of the requested path that is derived from the the IRI
-path hierarchy following the part that identifies the script itself.
-Can be unset.
-.It Ev PATH_TRANSLATED
-Present if and only if
-.Ev PATH_INFO
-is set.
-It represent the translation of the
-.Ev PATH_INFO .
-.Nm
-builds this by appending the
-.Ev PATH_INFO
-to the virtual host directory root.
-.It Ev QUERY_STRING
-The decoded query string.
-.It Ev REMOTE_ADDR , Ev REMOTE_HOST
-Textual representation of the client IP.
-.It Ev REQUEST_METHOD
-This is present only for RFC3875 (CGI) compliance.
-It's always set to the empty string.
-.It Ev SCRIPT_NAME
-The part of the
-.Ev GEMINI_URL_PATH
-that identifies the current CGI script.
-.It Ev SERVER_NAME
-The name of the server
-.It Ev SERVER_PORT
-The port the server is listening on.
-.It Ev SERVER_PROTOCOL
-.Dq GEMINI
-.It Ev SERVER_SOFTWARE
-The name and version of the server, i.e.
-.Dq gmid/1.8.3
-.It Ev AUTH_TYPE
-The string "Certificate" if the client used a certificate, otherwise
-unset.
-.It Ev REMOTE_USER
-The subject of the client certificate if provided, otherwise unset.
-.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_ISSUER
-The is the issuer of the client certificate if provided, otherwise
-unset.
-.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_HASH
-The hash of the client certificate if provided, otherwise unset.
-The format is
-.Dq ALGO:HASH .
-.It Ev TLS_VERSION
-The TLS version negotiated with the peer.
-.It Ev TLS_CIPHER
-The cipher suite negotiated with the peer.
-.It Ev TLS_CIPHER_STRENGTH
-The strength in bits for the symmetric cipher that is being used with
-the peer.
-.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_NOT_AFTER
-The time corresponding to the end of the validity period of the peer
-certificate in the ISO 8601 format
-.Pq e.g. Dq 2021-02-07T20:17:41Z .
-.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_NOT_BEFORE
-The time corresponding to the start of the validity period of the peer
-certificate in the ISO 8601 format.
-.El
-.Sh FastCGI
-.Nm
-optionally supports FastCGI.
-A
-.Ic fastcgi
-rule must be present in a server or location block.
-Then, all requests matching that server or location will be handled
-via the specified FastCGI backend.
-.Pp
-By default the following variables
-.Pq parameters
-are sent, and carry the same semantics as with CGI.
-More parameters can be added with the
-.Ic param
-option.
-.Pp
-.Bl -bullet -compact
-.It
-GATEWAY_INTERFACE
-.It
-GEMINI_URL_PATH
-.It
-QUERY_STRING
-.It
-REMOTE_ADDR
-.It
-REMOTE_HOST
-.It
-REQUEST_METHOD
-.It
-SERVER_NAME
-.It
-SERVER_PROTOCOL
-.It
-SERVER_SOFTWARE
-.It
-AUTH_TYPE
-.It
-REMOTE_USER
-.It
-TLS_CLIENT_ISSUER
-.It
-TLS_CLIENT_HASH
-.It
-TLS_VERSION
-.It
-TLS_CIPHER
-.It
-TLS_CIPHER_STRENGTH
-.It
-TLS_CLIENT_NOT_BEFORE
-.It
-TLS_CLIENT_NOT_AFTER
-.El
-.Sh MEDIA TYPES
-To auto-detect the MIME type of the response
-.Nm
-looks at the file extension and consults an internal table.
-If no MIME is found, the value of
-.Ic default type
-matching the file
-.Ic location
-will be used, or
-.Dq application/octet-stream .
-.Pp
-By default the following mappings are loaded, but they can be
-overridden or extended using the
-.Ic type Brq ...
-block.
-.Pp
-.Bl -tag -offset indent -width 14m -compact
-.It diff
-text/x-patch
-.It gemini, gmi
-text/gemini
-.It gif
-image/gif
-.It jpeg
-image/jpeg
-.It jpg
-image/jpeg
-.It markdown, md
-text/markdown
-.It patch
-text/x-patch
-.It pdf
-application/pdf
-.It png
-image/png
-.It svg
-image/svg+xml
-.It txt
-text/plain
-.It xml
-text/xml
-.El
.Sh LOGGING
Messages and requests are logged by
.Xr syslog 3
@@ -763,61 +200,14 @@ The following is an example of a possible configuratio
In the example above, a certificate is valid for one hundred years from
the date it was created, which is normal for TOFU.
.Pp
-The following is an example of a possible configuration for a site
-that enables only TLSv1.3, adds the MIME types mapping from
-.Pa /usr/share/misc/mime.types
-and defines two virtual host:
+Then, to run
+.Nm
+as a daemon:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
-ipv6 on # enable ipv6
-
-protocols "tlsv1.3"
-
-types {
- include "/usr/share/misc/mime.types"
-}
-
-server "example.com" {
- cert "/etc/ssl/example.com.crt"
- key "/etc/ssl/private/example.com.key"
- root "/var/gemini/example.com"
-}
-
-server "it.example.com" {
- cert "/etc/ssl/example.com.crt"
- key "/etc/ssl/private/example.com.key"
- root "/var/gemini/it.example.com"
-
- # enable cgi scripts inside "cgi-bin"
- cgi "/cgi-bin/*"
-
- # set the language for text/gemini files
- lang "it"
-}
+$ gmid -c /etc/gmid.conf
.Ed
-.Pp
-Yet another example, showing how to enable a
-.Ic chroot
-and use
-.Ic location
-rule
-.Bd -literal -offset indent
-chroot "/var/gemini"
-user "_gmid"
-
-server "example.com" {
- cert "/path/to/cert.pem" # absolute path
- key "/path/to/key.pem" # also absolute
- root "/example.com" # relative to the chroot
-
- location "/static/*" {
- # load the following rules only for
- # requests that matches "/static/*"
-
- auto index on
- index "index.gemini"
- }
-}
-.Ed
+.Sh SEE ALSO
+.Xr gmid.conf 5
.Sh ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
.Nm
uses the
blob - /dev/null
blob + bbcc8a825eb581479bb4f0ff0c8b15cff83f827a (mode 644)
--- /dev/null
+++ gmid.conf.5
@@ -0,0 +1,621 @@
+.\" Copyright (c) 2022 Omar Polo <op@omarpolo.com>
+.\"
+.\" Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
+.\" purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
+.\" copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
+.\"
+.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
+.\" WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
+.\" MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
+.\" ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
+.\" WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
+.\" ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
+.\" OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
+.Dd $Mdocdate: April 7 2022$
+.Dt GMID.CONF 5
+.Os
+.Sh NAME
+.Nm gmid.conf
+.Nd gmid Gemini server configuration file
+.Sh DESCRIPTION
+.Nm
+is the configuration file format for the
+.Xr gmid 1
+Gemini server.
+.Pp
+The configuration file is divided into three sections:
+.Bl -tag -width xxxx
+.It Sy Macros
+User-defined variables may be defined and used later, simplifying the
+configuration file.
+.It Sy Global Options
+Global settings for
+.Nm .
+.It Sy Servers
+Virtual hosts definition.
+.It Sy Types
+Media types and extensions.
+.El
+.Pp
+Within the sections, empty lines are ignored and comments can be put
+anywhere in the file using a hash mark
+.Pq Sq # ,
+and extend to the end of the current line.
+A boolean is either the symbol
+.Sq on
+or
+.Sq off .
+A string is a sequence of characters wrapped in double quotes,
+.Dq like this .
+Multiple strings one next to the other are joined into a single
+string:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+# equivalent to "temporary-failure"
+block return 40 "temporary" "-" "failure"
+.Ed
+.Pp
+Furthermore, quoting is necessary only when a string needs to contain
+special characters
+.Pq like spaces or punctuation ,
+something that looks like a number or a reserved keyword.
+The last example could have been written also as:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+block return 40 temporary "-" failure
+.Ed
+.Pp
+Strict ordering of the sections is not enforced, so that is possible
+to mix macros, options and
+.Ic server
+blocks.
+However, defining all the
+.Ic server
+blocks after the macros and the global options is recommended.
+.Pp
+Newlines are often optional, except around top-level instructions, and
+semicolons
+.Dq \&;
+can also be optionally used to separate options.
+.Pp
+Additional configuration files can be included with the
+.Ic include
+keyword, for example:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+include "/etc/gmid.conf.local"
+.Ed
+.Ss Macros
+Macros can be defined that will later be expanded in context.
+Macro names must start with a letter, digit or underscore and may
+contain any of those characters.
+Macros names may not be reserved words.
+Macros are not expanded inside quotes.
+.Pp
+Two kinds of macros are supported: variable-like and proper macros.
+When a macro is invoked with a
+.Dq $
+before its name its expanded as a string, whereas when it's invoked
+with a
+.Dq @
+its expanded in-place.
+.Pp
+For example:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+dir = "/var/gemini"
+certdir = "/etc/keys"
+common = "lang it; auto index on"
+
+server "foo" {
+ root $dir "/foo" # -> /var/gemini/foo
+ cert $certdir "/foo.pem" # -> /etc/keys/foo.pem
+ key $certdir "/foo.key" # -> /etc/keys/foo.key
+ @common
+}
+.Ed
+.Ss Global Options
+.Bl -tag -width 12m
+.It Ic chroot Ar path
+.Xr chroot 2
+the process to the given
+.Ar path .
+The daemon has to be run with root privileges and thus the option
+.Ic user
+needs to be provided, so privileges can be dropped.
+Note that
+.Nm
+will enter the chroot after loading the TLS keys, but before opening
+the virtual host root directories.
+It's recommended to keep the TLS keys outside the chroot.
+Future version of
+.Nm
+may enforce this.
+.It Ic ipv6 Ar bool
+Enable or disable IPv6 support, off by default.
+.It Ic port Ar portno
+The port to listen on.
+1965 by default.
+.It Ic prefork Ar number
+Run the specified number of server processes.
+This increases the performance and prevents delays when connecting to
+a server.
+When not in config-less mode,
+.Nm
+runs 3 server processes by default.
+The maximum number allowed is 16.
+.It Ic protocols Ar string
+Specify the TLS protocols to enable.
+Refer to
+.Xr tls_config_parse_protocols 3
+for the valid protocol string values.
+By default, both TLSv1.3 and TLSv1.2 are enabled.
+Use
+.Dq tlsv1.3
+to enable only TLSv1.3.
+.It Ic user Ar string
+Run the daemon as the given user.
+.El
+.Ss Servers
+Every virtual host is defined by a
+.Ic server
+block:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Ic server Ar hostname Brq ...
+Match the server name using shell globbing rules.
+It can be an explicit name,
+.Ar www.example.com ,
+or a name including a wildcards,
+.Ar *.example.com .
+.El
+.Pp
+Followed by a block of options that is enclosed in curly brackets:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Ic alias Ar name
+Specify an additional alias
+.Ar name
+for this server.
+.It Ic auto Ic index Ar bool
+If no index file is found, automatically generate a directory listing.
+Disabled by default.
+.It Ic block Op Ic return Ar code Op Ar meta
+Send a reply and close the connection;
+by default
+.Ar code
+is 40
+and
+.Ar meta
+is
+.Dq temporary failure .
+If
+.Ar code
+is in the 3x range, then
+.Ar meta
+is mandatory.
+Inside
+.Ar meta ,
+the following special sequences are supported:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds -compact
+.It \&%\&%
+is replaced with a single
+.Sq \&% .
+.It \&%p
+is replaced with the request path.
+.It \&%q
+is replaced with the query string of the request.
+.It \&%P
+is replaced with the server port.
+.It \&%N
+is replaced with the server name.
+.El
+.It Ic cert Ar file
+Path to the certificate to use for this server.
+.Ar file
+should contain a PEM encoded certificate.
+This option is mandatory.
+.It Ic cgi Ar path
+Execute
+.Sx CGI
+scripts that matches
+.Ar path
+using shell globbing rules.
+.Pp
+The CGI scripts are executed in the directory they reside and inherit
+the environment from
+.Nm gmid
+with these additional variables set:
+.Bl -tag -width 24m
+.It Ev GATEWAY_INTERFACE
+.Dq CGI/1.1
+.It Ev GEMINI_DOCUMENT_ROOT
+The root directory of the virtual host.
+.It Ev GEMINI_SCRIPT_FILENAME
+Full path to the CGI script being executed.
+.It Ev GEMINI_URL
+The full IRI of the request.
+.It Ev GEMINI_URL_PATH
+The path of the request.
+.It Ev PATH_INFO
+The portion of the requested path that is derived from the the IRI
+path hierarchy following the part that identifies the script itself.
+Can be unset.
+.It Ev PATH_TRANSLATED
+Present if and only if
+.Ev PATH_INFO
+is set.
+It represent the translation of the
+.Ev PATH_INFO .
+.Nm gmid
+builds this by appending the
+.Ev PATH_INFO
+to the virtual host directory root.
+.It Ev QUERY_STRING
+The decoded query string.
+.It Ev REMOTE_ADDR , Ev REMOTE_HOST
+Textual representation of the client IP.
+.It Ev REQUEST_METHOD
+This is present only for RFC3875 (CGI) compliance.
+It's always set to the empty string.
+.It Ev SCRIPT_NAME
+The part of the
+.Ev GEMINI_URL_PATH
+that identifies the current CGI script.
+.It Ev SERVER_NAME
+The name of the server
+.It Ev SERVER_PORT
+The port the server is listening on.
+.It Ev SERVER_PROTOCOL
+.Dq GEMINI
+.It Ev SERVER_SOFTWARE
+The name and version of the server, i.e.
+.Dq gmid/1.8.3
+.It Ev AUTH_TYPE
+The string "Certificate" if the client used a certificate, otherwise
+unset.
+.It Ev REMOTE_USER
+The subject of the client certificate if provided, otherwise unset.
+.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_ISSUER
+The is the issuer of the client certificate if provided, otherwise
+unset.
+.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_HASH
+The hash of the client certificate if provided, otherwise unset.
+The format is
+.Dq ALGO:HASH .
+.It Ev TLS_VERSION
+The TLS version negotiated with the peer.
+.It Ev TLS_CIPHER
+The cipher suite negotiated with the peer.
+.It Ev TLS_CIPHER_STRENGTH
+The strength in bits for the symmetric cipher that is being used with
+the peer.
+.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_NOT_AFTER
+The time corresponding to the end of the validity period of the peer
+certificate in the ISO 8601 format
+.Pq e.g. Dq 2021-02-07T20:17:41Z .
+.It Ev TLS_CLIENT_NOT_BEFORE
+The time corresponding to the start of the validity period of the peer
+certificate in the ISO 8601 format.
+.El
+.It Ic default type Ar string
+Set the default media type that is used if the media type for a
+specified extension is not found.
+If not specified, the
+.Ic default type
+is set to
+.Dq application/octet-stream .
+.It Ic entrypoint Ar path
+Handle all the requests for the current virtual host using the
+.Sx CGI
+script at
+.Ar path ,
+relative to the current document root.
+.It Ic env Ar name Cm = Ar value
+Set the environment variable
+.Ar name
+to
+.Ar value
+when executing CGI scripts.
+Can be provided more than once.
+.\" don't document the "spawn <prog>" form because it probably won't
+.\" be kept.
+.It Ic fastcgi Oo Ic tcp Oc Ar socket Oo Cm port Ar port Oc
+Enable
+.Sx FastCGI
+instead of serving files.
+The
+.Ar socket
+can either be a UNIX-domain socket or a TCP socket.
+If the FastCGI application is listening on a UNIX domain socket,
+.Ar socket
+is a local path name within the
+.Xr chroot 2
+root directory of
+.Nm .
+Otherwise, the
+.Ic tcp
+keyword must be provided and
+.Ar socket
+is interpreted as a hostname or an IP address.
+.Ar port
+can be either a port number or the name of a service enclosed in
+double quotes.
+If not specified defaults to 9000.
+.It Ic index Ar string
+Set the directory index file.
+If not specified, it defaults to
+.Pa index.gmi .
+.It Ic key Ar file
+Specify the private key to use for this server.
+.Ar file
+should contain a PEM encoded private key.
+This option is mandatory.
+.It Ic lang Ar string
+Specify the language tag for the text/gemini content served.
+If not specified, no
+.Dq lang
+parameter will be added in the response.
+.It Ic location Ar path Brq ...
+Specify server configuration rules for a specific location.
+.Ar path
+argument will be matched against the request path with shell globbing
+rules.
+In case of multiple location statements in the same context, the first
+matching location will be put into effect and the later ones ignored.
+Therefore is advisable to match for more specific paths first and for
+generic ones later on.
+A
+.Ic location
+section may include most of the server configuration rules
+except
+.Ic alias , Ic cert , Ic cgi , Ic entrypoint , Ic env , Ic key ,
+.Ic location , Ic param No and Ic proxy .
+.It Ic log Ar bool
+Enable or disable the logging for the current server or location block.
+.It Ic param Ar name Cm = Ar value
+Set the param
+.Ar name
+to
+.Ar value
+for FastCGI.
+By default the following variables
+.Pq parameters
+are sent, and carry the same semantics as with CGI:
+.Pp
+.Bl -bullet -compact
+.It
+GATEWAY_INTERFACE
+.It
+GEMINI_URL_PATH
+.It
+QUERY_STRING
+.It
+REMOTE_ADDR
+.It
+REMOTE_HOST
+.It
+REQUEST_METHOD
+.It
+SERVER_NAME
+.It
+SERVER_PROTOCOL
+.It
+SERVER_SOFTWARE
+.It
+AUTH_TYPE
+.It
+REMOTE_USER
+.It
+TLS_CLIENT_ISSUER
+.It
+TLS_CLIENT_HASH
+.It
+TLS_VERSION
+.It
+TLS_CIPHER
+.It
+TLS_CIPHER_STRENGTH
+.It
+TLS_CLIENT_NOT_BEFORE
+.It
+TLS_CLIENT_NOT_AFTER
+.El
+.It Ic ocsp Ar file
+Specify an OCSP response to be stapled during TLS handshakes
+with this server.
+The
+.Ar file
+should contain a DER-format OCSP response retrieved from an
+OCSP server for the
+.Ic cert
+in use.
+If the OCSP response in
+.Ar file
+is empty, OCSP stapling will not be used.
+The default is to not use OCSP stapling.
+.It Ic proxy Oo Cm proto Ar name Oc Oo Cm for-host Ar host : Ns Oo Ar port Oc Oc Brq ...
+Set up a reverse proxy.
+The optional matching rules
+.Cm proto
+and
+.Cm for-host
+can be used to enable proxying only for protocols matching
+.Ar name
+.Po Dq gemini
+by default
+.Pc
+and/or whose request IRI matches
+.Ar host
+and
+.Ar port
+.Pq 1965 by default .
+Matching happens using shell globbing rules.
+.Pp
+In case of multiple matching proxy blocks in the same context, the
+first matching proxy will be put into effect and the later ones
+ignored.
+.Pp
+Valid options are:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Ic cert Ar file
+Specify the client certificate to use when making requests.
+.It Ic key Ar file
+Specify the client certificate key to use when making requests.
+.It Ic protocols Ar string
+Specify the TLS protocols allowed when making remote requests.
+Refer to the
+.Xr tls_config_parse_protocols 3
+function for the valid protocol string values.
+By default, both TLSv1.2 and TLSv1.3 are enabled.
+.It Ic relay-to Ar host : Ns Op Ar port
+Relay the request to the given
+.Ar host
+at the given
+.Ar port ,
+1965 by default.
+This is the only mandatory option in a
+.Ic proxy
+block.
+.It Ic require Ic client Ic ca Ar file
+Allow the proxying only from clients that provide a certificate
+signed by the CA certificate in
+.Ar file .
+.It Ic sni Ar hostname
+Use the given
+.Ar hostname
+instead of the one extracted from the
+.Ic relay-to
+rule for the TLS handshake with the proxied gemini server.
+.It Ic use-tls Ar bool
+Specify whether to use TLS when connecting to the proxied host.
+Enabled by default.
+.It Ic verifyname Ar bool
+Enable or disable the TLS server name verification.
+Enabled by default.
+.El
+.It Ic root Ar directory
+Specify the root directory for this server
+.Pq alas the current Dq document root .
+It's relative to the chroot if enabled.
+.It Ic require Ic client Ic ca Ar path
+Allow requests only from clients that provide a certificate signed by
+the CA certificate in
+.Ar path .
+It needs to be a PEM-encoded certificate and it's not relative to the
+chroot.
+.It Ic strip Ar number
+Strip
+.Ar number
+components from the beginning of the path before doing a lookup in the
+root directory.
+It's also considered for the
+.Ar meta
+parameter in the scope of a
+.Ic block return .
+.El
+.Ss Types
+The
+.Ic types
+section must include one or more lines of the following syntax, enclosed
+in curly brances:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Ar type/subtype Ar name Op Ar name ...
+Set the media
+.Ar type
+and
+.Ar subtype
+to the specified extension
+.Ar name .
+One or more names can be specified per line.
+Earch line may end with an optional semicolon.
+.It Ic include Ar file
+Include types definition from an external file, for example
+.Pa /usr/share/misc/mime.types .
+.El
+.Pp
+By default
+.Nm gmid
+has built-in media types for
+.Bl -tag -offset indent -width 15m -compact
+.It application/pdf
+pdf
+.It image/gif
+gif
+.It image/jpeg
+jpg
+.It image/png
+png
+.It image/svg+xml
+svg
+.It text/gemini
+gemini gmi
+.It text/markdown
+markdown md
+.It text/x-patch
+diff patch
+.It text/xml
+xml
+.El
+.Sh EXAMPLES
+The following is an example of a possible configuration for a site
+that enables only TLSv1.3, adds the MIME types mapping from
+.Pa /usr/share/misc/mime.types
+and defines two virtual host:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+ipv6 on # enable ipv6
+
+protocols "tlsv1.3"
+
+types {
+ include "/usr/share/misc/mime.types"
+}
+
+server "example.com" {
+ cert "/etc/ssl/example.com.pem"
+ key "/etc/ssl/private/example.com.key"
+ root "/var/gemini/example.com"
+}
+
+server "example.it" {
+ cert "/etc/ssl/example.it.pem"
+ key "/etc/ssl/private/example.it.key"
+ root "/var/gemini/example.it"
+
+ # execute cgi scripts inside "cgi-bin"
+ cgi "/cgi-bin/*"
+
+ # set the language for text/gemini files
+ lang "it"
+}
+.Ed
+.Pp
+Yet another example, showing how to enable a
+.Ic chroot
+and use
+.Ic location
+rule
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+chroot "/var/gemini"
+user "_gmid"
+
+server "example.com" {
+ # absolute paths:
+ cert "/etc/ssl/example.com.pem"
+ key "/etc/ssl/private/example.com.key"
+
+ # relative to the chroot:
+ root "/example.com"
+
+ location "/static/*" {
+ # load the following rules only for
+ # requests that matches "/static/*"
+
+ auto index on
+ index "index.gemini"
+ }
+}
+.Ed
+.Sh SEE ALSO
+.Xr gmid 1 ,
+.Xr slowcgi 8
+.Sh AUTHORS
+.An -nosplit
+The
+.Nm gmid
+program was written by
+.An Omar Polo Aq Mt op@omarpolo.com .
Omar Polo